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短文开篇写作的常用方法

1. Begin with a broad, general statement of your topic and narrow it down to your thesis statement. Broad, general statements ease the reader into your thesis statement by first introducing the topic. 
 
2.Start with an idea or a situation that is the opposite of the one you will develop. This approach works because your readers will be surprised, and then intrigued, by the contrast between the opening idea and the thesis that follows it.
 
3.Explain the importance of your topic to the reader. If you can convince your readers that the subject in some way applies to them, or is something they should know more about, theywill want to keep reading.
 
4. Use an incident or a brief story. Stories are naturally interesting. They appeal to a reader’s curiosity. In your introduction, an anecdote will grab the reader’s attention right away.
 
5. Use a quotation. A quotation can be something you have read in a book or an article. It can also be something that you have heard: a popular saying or proverb (“Never give advice to a friend”), a current or recent advertising slogan (“Can you hear me now?”), or a favorite expression used by friends or family (“My father always says . . .”). Using a quotation in your introductory paragraph lets you add someone else’s voice to your own.
 
——摘自《美国大学英语写作》(第九版)