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论据的连接方式

Transitions

Transitions signal the direction of a writer’s thoughts. They are like the road signs that guide travelers.

1. Transitional Words

  (1)Common Transitions: Addition Signals; Time Signals; Space Signals; Change-of-Direction Signals; Illustration Signals and Conclusion Signals

  (2) Other Transitions: Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Phrases

A conjunctive adverb is a word that, when used after a semicolon, connects two independent (main) clauses.

A transitional phrase is a group of words that, when used after a semicolon, connects two independent (main)clauses.

2. Transitional Sentences

Transitional sentences, or linking sentences, are used between paragraphs to help tie together the supporting paragraphs in an essay. They enable the reader to move smoothly from the idea in one paragraph to the idea in the next paragraph.

 

Other Connecting Words

In addition to transitions, there are three other kinds of connecting words that help tie together the specific evidence in a paper: repeated words, pronouns, and synonyms.

1. Repeated Words

Many of us have been taught—correctly—not to repeat ourselves in writing. However, repeating key words helps tie together the flow of thought in a paper.

2. Pronouns

Pronouns (he, she, it, you, they, this, that, and others) are another way to connect ideas. Also, using pronouns in place of other words can help you avoid needless repetition.

3. Synonyms

Synonyms are words alike in meaning. Using synonyms can also help move the reader easily from one thought to the next. In addition, the use of synonyms increases variety and interest by avoiding needless repetition.

 

——摘自《美国大学英语写作》(第九版)