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【说明文】2015“模拟赛场”第一期获奖作文①

写作题二:说明文写作(Expository Writing)(10分)

Write a passage to explain the Chinese College Entrance Examination to foreign students. You should write about 500 words.

 

张凡艺

In recent years, with Chinese elements heating all over the world, a growing number of foreigners have taken more interests on Chinese College Entrance Examination. Some foreign students even want to participate in it. Is this examination mysterious and difficult?And there are several introductions from different sides in following paragraphs.

         Notice: Chinese College Entrance Examination, commonly known as Gaokao in Chinese,is an academic testing event held every summer in China’s mainland and joined by millions participates,a majority of whom are high-school students. Generally speaking, Gaokao is just like another SAT in China, and it is clearly important for those who accomplished high-school education and are applying to universities, colleges and other higher educational institutions. The examinations, which include the compulsory subjects of Chinese, Mathematics, English and elective subjects of physics, chemistry, biology, history, politics, geography as well as comprehensive knowledge. Please pay attention to the following steps, and accomplish them on schedule. The first step is to sign up an account on the educational official website belonging to each province, and then fill the blank about your personal information, including your name, school, home address for sending final score report card, telephone numbers and so on. Next comes several tough months with preparing final challenge, thousands of exercises are waiting students to do. The last step is filing the intention for university according to overall scores, after which you can be enrolled in your ideal university by hard-working and correct choice for intention.

         History: Before 1949, colleges in China were entitled to schedule their own tests for school enrollment. When Gaokao was firstly created in 1952, marking the start of reform of National Matriculation Tests Policies in the newly established PRC. From 1958, the college entrance examination system was destroyed by the Great Leap Forward Movement. Until 1978,officially resumed the traditional examination based on academics by Ministry of Education, Chinese College Entrance Examination, which has continued to the present day.

         Popularity: The first such examination after the Cultural Revolution took place in late 1977 and was a history-making event. There was no limit on the age and official educational background of examines. Consequently,it was recorded that about 5.7 millions students participated in it that year, when time goes by, the number of students who tested by this examination system are increasing per year, and it reached the peak above 10.7 million in 2009.With Independent enrollment has been an controversial topic recently, which is the beginning of provincial proposition, Gaokao is gradually losing its supreme significance as a gateway to higher education.

         Influence: The examination was uniformly designed and all the students across the country and urban sides take exactly the same examination, its hard rule is that students are allowed to enter the colleges of their choice when their overall scores pass the minimum qualifying score for colleges they apply to. Undergoing tremendous psychological pressure by both teachers and students, because Gaokao is one of the most influential examinations in China and the fact that students can only take the test once a year usually from June 6-7. Most of students students study from day and night, some even above 105 hours per week, they are suffering from severe nervousness during the test, in some cases, examines may faint in the examination room. It is still fairly low compared western higher education with Chinese, and it makes little sense to blame Gaokao as well, it has developed millions of eligible workers, engineers and scientists after all.