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【说明文】2013“模拟赛场”第二期获奖作文③

说明文写作(Expository Writing)(10分)

Write a passage based on the chart below, which shows the influences of various factors on work performance in two age groups. You should summarize the features of the two groups and make comparisons. You should write about 500 words.

1

尹雪菲

In a recent survey about factors affecting work performance, two age groups, people aged between 18 and 30 and people aging from 45 to 60 have taken part in. Among the ten factors listed on the questionnaire, only two of them are totally at the same rate in the two groups. The others are different to various extents.

         As for team spirit and work environment, the two factors seem to have the same influence on the two age groups. Both of them place so much emphasis on team spirit. As for work environment, they think that it is of little importance, for they all have strong ability to adapt themselves to different situations, even tough ones. The younger group choose the chance for personal development as the most important one. No doubt that this group prefer this one, because they have a long way to go in the job career and hey need jobs in which they can promote themselves and realize the value of themselves. That may be the main point when a person is trying to find a new job. Just imagine, if a man continues to do the same job every day, then he would end up with a boring and hopeless man, like Charles Chaplin in the film Modern Times. That is the reason why so many young men are job-hopping all the time. However, the elder group prefer to stay where they are. And the biggest reason is the attitude, for most of them do not want to struggle any longer and they want to lead a stable life. This also shows in the promotion prospects. The rate of the younger is much higher than the elder.

         The most important pull factor for the elder people is money. Maybe at this time of their life, they want to store as much money as they can to sustain their twilight years and their descendants. Besides, the younger group also place high emphasis, even higher than the elder group, on this factor. As we all know, the prices of commodities nowadays are increasingly high, especially the house prices. The young people have to work for even their whole life to buy a house of their own, not to mention everyday expenditures, such as the transportation fees and the food expenses. Thus high salary is really an attractive factor.

         Although the two groups make the same remark on work environment, the younger one still prefer relaxed working environment. That is really reasonable. They are young and energetic. They do not like to be restrained or depressed. That maybe the feature of the youth. Creative minds are born in free relaxed environment. On the contrary, the elder do not care that too much.

         There is slight difference both in competent boss and job satisfactory. For the young , as mentioned above, they want to promote themselves, so they need competent bosses to lead them. However, if the boss is not competent enough, then they could replace the boss. While for the elder , it is difficult for them to  promote, so they need a capable leader. For job satisfactory, young people are easier to adapt to any condition.  On the one hand, it is very difficult to find a suitable and satisfactory job. On the other hand, they may develop such interest for something easily. While for the elder, they are more likely to do things they like, for they do not have enough passion for accepting novel things.

         As for job security, the young care more about it. Once they lose a job, it might take fairly long time to search for another one, because they are green hands. For the elder, they can find other jobs easier as they have much work experience. At the very least, they could retire and just enjoy life. What the elder cares a litter more than the younger is the respect from colleagues. Although they are elder, they want to be accepted and encouraged to show that they are not too old to do the job.

         In summary, when we seek for jobs, we should get familiar with ourselves by reference to the ten factors in order to perform better in our job careers. For the employers, it is better to improve their companies in the ten aspects to attract more and more job hunters."