【说明文】2013“模拟赛场”第二期获奖作文①

说明文写作(Expository Writing)(10分)

Write a passage based on the chart below, which shows the influences of various factors on work performance in two age groups. You should summarize the features of the two groups and make comparisons. You should write about 500 words.

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耿丹阳

Factors Affecting Work Performance

         In a society of ever-quickening pace, it has arisen as a top priority for every company to ensure the highest efficiency possible; equally important for them is the work performance of every individual employee. This phenomenon can find the perfect expression in that basically many leaders nowadays are racking their brains in quest of a strategy that would substantially boost their faculty’s productivity. In light of this, it’s of indisputable necessity for them to pinpoint the underlying factors that can determine the quality of work performance.

         The chart above illustrates how the ten major factors can affect the work performance of a young adult aged 18-30 and a 45-60-year-old elderly respectively. Overall, the youth can be seen to have stronger susceptibility to external influence whereas the influence of these factors on work performance to the middle-aged group is comparatively small. This phenomenon can be ascribed to the fact that the relatively young population is generally more vibrant yet capricious workers thus their behaviors are more responsive to the good or bad change in the working climate whereas the middle-aged are mostly marked by their relative stability partially because they need a stable source of income to support their family.

         As is demonstrated, among the ten factors, Chance for personal development has the most profound implications for a young adult’s work performance.  Secondary to it are two factors: a relaxed working environment and promotion prospects. This is especially true for today’s youth who indefatigably engage themselves in pursuit of superiority and for whom the importance of personal development can never be overstated. Nevertheless, what to the youngsters are the three most predominant factors to the middle-aged group the impact is far less significant. Instead, money and team spirit constitute the two major factors that can influence work performance for the middle-aged. Taking on the role as the breadwinner of the family, the middle-aged’s motivation to work unquestionably lies in the amount of money they earn.

         A still closer examination reveals an intriguing fact that the extent to which the work environment can influence the work performance of youth and the middle-aged coincides and that for job satisfaction and competent boss the difference between the two age groups is almost minimal. From this we can therefore conclude that the impact of competent boss, work environment, job satisfaction and money on one’s performance remains almost consistent throughout one’s working career.

         A deep probe into the fundamental cause behind employees’ work performance helps every boss to set a specified and realistic administrative goal and finally to effectively build a staff of high productivity. To illustrate this, consider the knowledge that young employees are highly motivated by promotion opportunities is necessary for managers to accordingly use such incentive to achieve their ends. Similarly, if you want to bolster morale among the middle-aged staff, a pay raise may well be your first consideration. In conclusion, the utilization of a managing plan tailoring to different age group should be laid considerable emphasis on by every administrative department.